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A Closer Look into Canada's 100 Days

Time- Line of Canada's 100 Days
Canada's 100 Days
Picture Gallery

Canada's 100 Days


The First World War lasted 4 years, but one of the most significant moments within the war was the last hundred days. August 2 to November 11, 1918 was referred to as "Canada's 100 days". In this period the Canadian Corps was in the vanguard of the successful march to Mons.
Many events happened in those last 100 days of the war. Canadian corps were assigned the task of coming up with an attack on an important battlefield near Amiens on August 8. To reach up to this day, the Canadian battalions knew that utter secrecy was an important key because Germans had come to realize any movement of Canadian troops as a sign of inescapadble attack. To prove them wrong and to trick the enemy, a number of the corps were sent north to the Ypres section. The preparations were always carried out at night to be more sneaky and to get things done. The Canadians advanced twelve miles in 3 days.
August 8, 1918 was better known as "The black day for the German army". The Canadian corps, sided by French and Australian forces and led by tanks, broke through German lines, successfully capturing 5000 German prisoners and with every dozen kilometre of land, they kept taking back more. In a single day's fighting, Canadians achieved a vast amount. The Canadian corps' penetration of the enemy line was unequalled. No other reaction from the Western Front up to that time had been that successful in just 24 hours. During the month of August, there had been casualties of 18 officers and 563 other ranks.
After the fighting in Arras, on October 10- 12, 1918, the battalion found itself maneuvering bridgeheads across the Canal de L'Escaut. In less than 2 days of excessive fighting there were casualties of 11 officers and 319 other ranks. The fighting continued at Mons up until the very last moments of the war. The day before the treaty, within the battalion, 1 officer and 11 other ranks were killed, with 30 other ranks wounded. A Canadian unit within the 20th Battalion captured the last prisoner on November 11, 1918 at Mons.
Canada's 100 days was one of the best time periods for Canadian corps. No Canadian unit of World War I has any other prouder record of service. The 20th Battalion won a total of 18 Battle Honours, and 398 decorations and awards, also including 2 Victoria Crosses. With Canada being victorious, Germany was defeated 6 months sooner than anticipated.
With not being interrupted, Canadians fought thier way through Valenciennes, Mont Huoy and reached historic Mons, where on November 11, French Field Marshal Foch and members of the German Armistice Commission signed a formal surrender to end World War I. They agreed for it to happen on the eleventh day of the eleventh month on the eleventh hour. Finally, in 1919 the Canadian troops returned home where they were welcomed by appreciative and enthusiastic crowds in towns and cities throughout the country.